Here is a simple process to program a radio in about 5 steps. It can be used to solve the problem of radio operators not being able to program a radio!  This procedure is modified from a procedure found in California.

First you need to know what frequency you want to talk on.  For Scottsdale we suggest the Scottsdale Club Repeater located at the Shea Hospital.  The range is good for the northeast valley and it is a good clean repeater that is easy to listen to and the people are good.

The frequency for the club repeater is 147.180 MHz, the tone is 162.20 Hz and the offset is positive.



1.       Select the [V]FO mode. You may need to find this in your radio manual but usually it is the button marked “v/m”.  This v/m stands for VFO mode or Memory mode.  To “dial in the frequency” you need to be in the VFO mode of the radio.  Look at the screen and see if there is a little “F” or a little “M” on the screen.  The little “M” is indicates memory mode.  We are not interested in that part yet you should see a little “F” or something that indicates the VFO mode.  Write the page number of this VFO mode down from your manual in the margin of this page.

2.       Program the desired [F]requency.  Look up in the manual how to enter the frequency into the radio.  Usually once in the VFO mode you can turn a knob and select the frequency or you can enter from the keypad the frequency.  Once in a while a decimal is placed automatically or must be manually entered in the frequency.  Your manual should tell you how to enter the frequency.  Write the page number in the margin for future reference.  In our case we use the receive frequency of 147.180.

3.       Select the [T]one option.  This gets a little tricky.  You probably have to turn on the tone mode and then select the tone frequency.  Find this in the manual and write the pages down for future reference.  Tone might known as privacy tone, or PL tone or CSTSS.   In our case, the tone is 162.2.

4.       Program the [O]ffset, either “+” or “-”.  Most radios have the offset already built in as a default.  That is good as our repeater is a standard offset.  You might have to set your radio to automatically handle the repeater offsets.  Look in the manual for repeater or offsets.  You may have repeaters set it to automatic.  Your radio may already have the It set for you.  If you are chasing satellites or odd repeaters that are not following the standard offsets you need to follow the manual.  As usual, write the pages down for future reference.  Once the frequency and tone is in the radio and the offset if in it is time to try it.  Key the microphone and say “(your call sign) testing”.  Release the microphone and listen.  If it works right you should hear the repeater give the time or the identifier in Morse code.  Then try something more complex like “(your call sign) radio check”.  Someone may answer and tell them you are new and just programmed the radio and wish to know how it is sounding.  They may have some advice or they may state everything is great.  Thank them and close with your call sign.

5.       Save it into [M]emory.  Once the radio is working and programmed correctly for that frequency you must save it into a memory channel.  Usually pushing the f/w button for one second will start the saving action.  Then you will need to know the channel to store the frequencies in and then press f/w one more time to store the information.  As usual write down the page number of the store to memory direction in the margin of this paper for future reference.

That’s all there is to it.   If you want to check it out see page for how to talk on a radio and check-in on the Tuesday night net (7:00 pm Tuesday, Scottsdale Amateur Radio Club).

Try the other Scottsdale repeater known as the 440 repeater.  440.00 MHz, 100.0 tone and positive offset

Simplex is 146.520 MHZ with no tone or offset and the UHF simplex is 446.00 no tone or offset.


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